Apple Silicon M1 chip: a new era?

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When visiting an Apple store, attention is now focused almost exclusively on product signs that highlight the Apple M1 chip as an important performance feature. Several software solutions, such as Parallels Desktop 17, are also included in newer Macs with an M1 chip. higher performance gains the end. But what sets Apple’s system-on-a-chip apart, and which Mac computers use it? In addition to software, hardware is also our passion and that’s why we look at each other the strengths of the computer chip in more detail in this blog post.

What is Apple’s M1 chip and what performance does it offer?

The M1 chip was developed specifically for the Mac and marks the transition from Intel chips to an in-house solution. As a “System on a Chip”, the M1 integrates several different components including CPU, GPU, Unified Memory Architecture (RAM), Neural Engine, Secure Enclave, SSD Controller, Image Signal Processor, Encoding/Decoding Engines, Controller Thunderbolt with USB 4 -Support and more that support all the different features of the Mac.

Instead of several individual components, a “universal microprocessor“, the one who has one significant increase in performance and lower power consumption. According to Apple, the GPU is the M1 chip up to five times, the processor up to three and a half times and the neural engine for machine learning up to nine times faster than the Intel predecessor.

Apple Silicon M1 chip.

While Intel chips are based on the x86 architecture, the Apple Silicon M1 uses one ARM-based architecture, similar to the A-series chips that Apple has been developing for the iPhone and iPad for years. The M1 chip is believed to be the most powerful chip Apple has developed to date and is similar to the A14 chip in the latest iPad Air and iPhone models, which is based on a 5-nanometer process from Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC). ). he turned.

Which Mac computers use the M1 chip?

Apple’s ARM-based system-on-a-chip has been installed in the fifth-generation Mac mini, 13-inch MacBook Pro, and fourth-generation MacBook Air since late 2020. The Apple M1 chip has been used in the iPad Pro and the iMac from May 2021. According to Apple, all Macs will be available with ARM processors by the end of 2022.

The powerful CPU in detail

The M1 chip contains an 8-core CPU with Quad Core High Performance and Quad Core High Efficiency. High-performance cores are designed to deliver the best performance for power-hungry single-threaded tasks.

High-performance cores can work together to deliver impressive multi-threaded performance that enables M1 Macs to outperform even the highest-end 16-inch MacBook Pro models.

For tasks that are less intensive and do not require the same performance, such as browsing the Internet, there are four high-efficiency cores that only consume little power and therefore the Significantly increases battery life.

Apple MacBook Air M1 13.3″ (2020) (MGND3D/A)

According to Apple, these cores offer similar performance to the dual-core version of the previous generation MacBook Air, but with lower power consumption. The cores can work alone when significant performance is not required, but can also be used simultaneously for demanding tasks.

The MacBook Air, MacBook Pro, and Mac mini benchmarks have the impressive M1 chip performance confirmed. There are some thermal differences between the models, but all convince with an outstanding performance.

What the GPU of the Apple M1 chip can do

The “Apple Silicon” chip has an 8-core GPU. However, a version is also used on the entry-level MacBook Air that has one of the cores disabled for a 7-core GPU.

High-end Mac mini, MacBook Pro, and MacBook Air M1 models have above 8 core GPU, the almost 25,000 threads simultaneously and with a performance of 2.6 teraflops be able to run According to Apple, the M1 has the fastest integrated graphics on a PC.

Graphics performance tests have shown the M1 chip to outperform both the GeForce GTX 1050 Ti and Radeon RX 560 beats

Structure of the Apple Silicon M1 chip

The neural engine of the Apple M1 chip

The M1 chip has a built-in Neural Engine, a component that Apple first added to its A-series chips a few years ago. Neural Engine was designed to perform machine learning tasks on the Mac for things like Accelerate video analytics, speech recognition, image processing, and more.

The 16-core Neural Engine is capable of performing 11 trillion operations per second for up to 15x faster machine learning performance compared to the previous generation.

Improved battery life on M1 Macs

Despite the incredible speed improvements the M1 chip brings, it’s also more battery efficient than any other Mac chip Apple has released to date.

the battery duration on a Mac M1 up to twice as long than the previous generation of Mac. The Mac with the longest battery life is the 13-inch MacBook Pro about 20 hours.

Additional security features of the M1 chip

Intel Macs had a built-in T2 chip that managed the Mac’s security and other functions. This functionality is directly integrated into the M1 chips and no additional chip is required.

The M1 features a built-in Secure Enclave that manages Touch ID and a storage controller with AES hardware encryption for faster and more secure SSD performance.

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